25 Apr Lung and Exercise
What are Lung conditions?
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an umbrella term for a number of lung diseases/conditions that prevent proper breathing.
- Types of lung conditions include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, and asthma.
- Pulmonary diseases result in symptoms of dyspnea or shortness of breath.
- People with dyspnea become more sedentary and their fitness levels decrease. They can experience dyspnea even at low levels of physical exertion.
- Regular exercise is an effective intervention that reduces the development of functional impairment and disability in Pulmonary patients. When we exercise adaptations occur to the MS and CV system which in turn reduces the stress on the pulmonary system.
What are the common modifiable risk factors?
- Cigarette smoking
- Physical inactivity
- Poor diet
- Second-hand smoking
- Indoor and outdoor air pollutants
- Occupational agents
What are the exercise recommendations?
- The exercise prescription for those with Pulmonary Disease includes aerobic, walking and cycling on most days of the week for 30 minutes and look to perform this at a moderate intensity.
- If you have problems with shortness of breath during exercise, reduce your intensity.
- It is also important to add in regular resistance training and flexibility exercises 2-3 times per week to develop your muscular fitness.
- Final few points to consider
- Inspiratory muscle training can help improve the strength and endurance of the muscles around the lungs, reduce dyspnea and improve exercise tolerance.
- EIA (Exercise Induced Asthma) avoid environmental triggers when exercising in cool, dry, winter, dusty air.
- Patients with Asthma should use their bronchodilator before exercise to reduce the risk of bronchoconstriction.
- If you have asthma or COPD Always carry a reliever or Ventolin medication when exercising.
Exercise will help to;
- Improve your breathing
- Clear mucus from the chest
- Reduce breathlessness
- Increase cardiovascular fitness
- Increase number of activities of daily living
- Improve your independence
You may need a specific exercise program to improve your lung condition. Speak to one of our therapists today.
Call 4952 7033 to make an appointment or CLICK HERE to book online